When you import dangerous goods from China, many freight forwarders will ask you to provide MSDS as soon as possible. Why is MSDS the first required document?


Definition of MSDS:


What is MSDS?


MSDS (Material Safety Data Sheet) is a chemical safety data sheet, which can also be translated into a chemical safety data sheet or a chemical safety data sheet. It is used by chemical manufacturers and importers to clarify the physical and chemical properties of chemicals (such as PH value, flash point, flammability, reactivity, etc.) and possible hazards to the user’s health (such as carcinogenesis, teratogenicity, etc.) One document.


Why is there any difference between MSDS in Europe and the United States, Canada, and Australia?

In European countries, the material safety technology/data sheet MSDS is also called the safety technology/data sheet SDS (Safety Data Sheet). The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) uses SDS terminology, but the United States, Canada, Australia and many countries in Asia use MSDS terminology.


MSDS is a comprehensive legal document on the characteristics of chemicals provided to customers by chemical production or sales enterprises in accordance with legal requirements. It provides sixteen items including physical and chemical parameters, explosive properties, health hazards, safe use and storage, leakage treatment, first-aid measures, and related laws and regulations.


What is the role of MSDS?


As the most basic technical document for transmitting product safety information, the chemical safety instructions are mainly used in:


  1. Provide information on the hazards of chemicals to protect users of chemical products
  2. Ensure safe operation and provide technical information for the formulation of safe operation procedures for hazardous chemicals
  3. Provide technical information helpful for emergency rescue and emergency handling of accidents
  4. Guide the safe production, safe circulation and safe use of chemicals
  5. It is an important basis and information source for chemical registration management
  6. It plays a very important role in the customs declaration, transportation, customs, air transportation, land transportation and other links of import and export



Which organizations can issue MSDS reports?

MSDS can be compiled by the manufacturer of dangerous goods in accordance with relevant rules. However, in order to ensure the accuracy and standardization of the report, it is also possible to apply to a professional organization for compilation.


What is the reported cost of MSDS?

The following is the approximate market price, for reference only (divided by region and language)

middle East:








German/French/Japanese etc.



German (EC No.1272/2008)

French (EC No.1272/2008)

Japanese (JIS Z 7253:2012)

Korean (MoEL’s PN 2013-37)





English-European Standard (EC No.1272/2008)

English-American Standard (2012 OSHA HCS)

English-Japanese Standard (JIS Z 7253:2012)

English-Korean Standard (MoEL’s PN 2013-37)


China Edition/Taiwan Edition



Chinese (GB/T 17519-2013)

English (GB/T 17519-2013)

traditional Chinese

Taiwanese English


How many days does it take to make an MSDS/SDS report?

Generally speaking, a single product will be completed within 3 working days


Who needs MSDS and SDS?

Customs, carrier, airline, buyer, commodity inspection bureau, freight forwarder, etc.


Why do these organizations need to view MSDS and SDS reports?

Know whether the ingredients are contraband and whether they comply with local customs export regulations


Understand the shipping and air transportation of products, and transportation conditions


Different countries have different standards.


Consistency of composition and SDS


Understand the crisis level and hazardous characteristics of the product



What is the validity period of MSDS and SDS?


Theoretically, the new standard is valid before it becomes effective, but the MSDS is not a permanent document. If a company with sufficient funds is able to update it several times a year. The so-called one-year validity is groundless.



What is the reporting process for applying for MSDS?


  1. Fill in the MSDS application form;


  1. After receiving the application form and issuing a payment notice, the customer must return the bank voucher to the MSDS agent company, receive the payment, and arrange the MSDS preparation work;


  1. After the MSDS is completed, the relevant laboratory personnel will send an E-Mail report to the applicant’s mailbox, and then obtain the report according to the method selected by the customer on the application form.



What is the difference between MSDS and SDS?


The difference between MSDS and SDS definition:

SDS: SDS is the acronym for Safety Data Sheet, namely: Safety Data Sheet/Safety Instructions. The REACH Regulation (Directive Number: EC 1907/2006) stipulates the content of SDS in Appendix II, which was amended by Directive 453/2010 in May 2010.


MSDS: MSDS is the acronym for Material Safety Data Sheet, namely: Material Safety Data Sheet/Material Safety Instructions. There are many standards for the formulation of MSDS, mainly those formulated by GHS, ANSI, ISO, OSHA, and WHMIS.


The difference between MSDS and SDS content:

SDS: The main content includes chemical and company information, hazard identification, ingredient information, first aid measures, fire protection measures, leakage measures, handling and storage, exposure control, physical and chemical properties, toxicology information, ecotoxicology information, waste disposal measures, 16 parts of transportation information, regulatory information and other information.



1. If it is a substance registered by REACH, the registration number must be provided on the SDS.


  1. For hazardous substances with annual sales exceeding 10 tons, ES (exposure scenario) must be added as an attachment to SDS.


  1. If the substance or preparation has undergone CSA (Chemical Safety Assessment), the content of SDS and ES must be consistent with the information in CSA.



MSDS: Most of the time, 16-item MSDS has been used

The MSDS formulated by OSHA has 8 items: manufacturer and product information, ingredient information, physical and chemical properties, combustion and explosion data, reaction activity data, health hazard data, safe operation and use methods, and protective measures.


The MSDS formulated by WHMIS has 9 items: manufacturer and product information, ingredient information, physical and chemical properties, combustion and explosion data, reaction activity data, toxicological characteristics, preventive measures, first aid measures, and other information.



The following two articles will make you more comfortable importing dangerous goods from China and Asia. Contact Bestforworld and you will be able to confidently import any class of dangerous goods from China and other Asian countries, whether it is FCL and LCL by air or by sea.


Import from China:Hazardous goods customs regulations,process,packing,required documents,key points.


Ship dangerous goods from and to China:FCL&LCL methods ,Best rate ,Required documents,Transportation,Safety Guides ,Hazardous goods class definition,2020




Which objects are applicable to MSDS and SDS?


  1. Refer to regulations 67/548/EEC or 1999/45/EC classified hazardous substances or substances in PBT/vPvB or SVHC;


  1. A mixture that is not classified as a dangerous product, but contains a non-gas material with a weight percentage of> 1% and a gas with a volume percentage of> 0.2% that is hazardous to human health or the environment;



  1. Solid or liquid mixtures that are not classified as dangerous goods (such as non-gas mixtures), but contain a substance in PBT or vPvB or SVHC with a weight percentage of ≥1%;



PBT: persistent, bioaccumulative and toxic

vPvB: very persistent and very bioaccumulative high accumulation, high persistent substance

SVHC: substance of very high conern




  1. Regarding the substances in the classification of dangerous goods in various countries, although the regulations of each country are different, they are usually the following 9 class of dangerous goods:

Class 1 explosives

Class 2 compressed gas and liquefied gas

Class 3 flammable liquid

Class 4 Flammable solids, natural items and flammable items when wet

Class 5 oxidants and organic peroxides

Class 6 Poisonous and infectious substances

Class 7 radioactive materials

Class 8 corrosive products

Class 9 Miscellaneous



  1. Non-hazardous single substance or mixture

With the increasingly strict import and export management and the increasing management of water products by dangerous goods factories, many daily ordinary products also require MSDS reports. The most common ones are plastic products, hardware products, and packaging materials. When you import from China.



Although MSDS and SDS are different in content and applicable objects, there are many similarities, such as:

  1. For dangerous goods, all must be provided
  2. Roughly the same in content framework
  3. The MSDS or SDS must be updated in time according to the update of laws and regulations or product changes
  4. All in order to have a more comprehensive understanding of the product and provide basic information for safe use or operation


What is the difference between MSDS and SDS version?


  • ISO International Version
  • EEC version (EU)
  • OSHA version (United States)
  • ANSI version (United States)
  • WHMIS (Canada) and Chinese version;
  • Various versions of different formats (html, PDF, doc)
  • Different language versions (Chinese, English, German, French, etc.)


What information does the MSDS report contain?


1-Material and corporate identity

Chemical name-usually IUPAC or CAS name is given. It is also possible to give other common names and product names, CAS registration numbers-required by OSHA, but the laws of most countries require that the reporting date-requires Japanese literature or the latest update date.


2-Material composition and composition information

The composition of the mixture-including all carcinogens exceeding 1% of all harmful substances and all carcinogens exceeding 0.1%. OSHA PEL-Either the time-weighted average limit is 8 hours per day or the maximum concentration exposure limit is an item on the OSHA list. In ppm or mg/m³. ACGIH TLV-Maximum exposure limit, recommended by the US Government Industrial Hygiene Assembly


3-Hazard signs

Health effects-adverse effects on target organs or systems, overexposure to carcinogenic materials and acute and chronic effects on test results.


4-First aid measures

Exposure-treatment of inhalation, ingestion, eye contact, skin contact


5- Fire fighting measures.

Fire and explosion data-usually include: flash point-temperature at which chemical vapors can be ignited, auto-ignition temperature-temperature, spontaneous ignitability of chemicals in the air, flammability limits-above and below the concentration in the air, It can not burn the recommended fire extinguishing materials for unusual fire and explosion hazards, and provides basic instructions for solving the fire situation, which may include the NFPA diamond mark.


6-Accidental release measures

Procedures for cleaning up small and large spills Specific regulations for chemical spills around the CITES


7- Operation and storage

Provide safe storage of relevant materials and provide safe use of relevant materials


8-Exposure Control/Personal Protection

Type of protective equipment, including gloves, clothing, eye protection, respiratory protection, if a hood, glove box or additional ventilation is necessary. Administrative controls such as preplacement and regular medical examinations will indicate the type of shower and eyewash facilities.


9-Physical and chemical properties

Generally include such chemical information as boiling point, melting point, vapor pressure, specific gravity, solubility in water, and evaporation rate. Physical properties such as physical state, appearance and odor



Indicates a stable substance, what causes instability and incompatibility, and if dangerous decomposition products are possible, it can also include conditions.


11-Toxicological Information

Include one or more of the following operations:

LC50 (Half Lethal Concentration 50)-A test of the concentration of gas or dust or smoke material in micrograms per liter of air, expressed in ppm, results in 50% of dead animals exposed to one exposure. The information contained in the management may affect the reproductive system


12-Ecological Information

Materials that can be used to provide information about the impact can have a destiny for plants and animals, and provide related materials for the environment


13- Precautions for disposal

Appropriate waste disposal methods


14-Transport information

Provide basic shipping requirements-shipping name and classification, packaging requirements and quantity restrictions


15-Regulatory Information

EPA and OSHA regulations related to CITES


16-Other information


What are the OSHA requirements for the content of MSDS?


Item 1: Manufacturer and contact method

Item 2: Hazardous Chemical Components

The third item: physical and chemical properties

Item 4: Combustion and explosion data

Item 5: Reactivity data

Item 6: Health Hazard Data

Item 7: Safe operation and usage

Item 8: Protection Methods


Canadian WHMIS requirements

Item 1: Product name and manufacturer information

Item 2: Hazardous Chemical Components

Item 3: Physical characteristics

Item 4: Fire or explosion data

Item 5: Reactivity data

Item 6: Toxicological properties

Item Seven: Preventive Measures

Item 8: First aid methods

Item 9: Compile information



What are the ANSI requirements for the content of MSDS?

Item 1: Chemical name and manufacturer information

Item 2: Chemical composition information

Item 3: Hazard Information

Item 4: First aid measures

Item 5: Fire Fighting Measures

Item 6: Leak emergency treatment

Item Seven: Operation and Storage

Item 8: Exposure control and personal protection measures

Item 9: Physical and Chemical Properties

Item 10: Stability and Reactivity

Item 11: Toxicological Information

Item 12: Ecological Information

Item 13: Disposal

Item 14: Transportation Information

Item 15: Regulatory Information

Item 16: Other Information



What are the requirements of Chinese GB/T 16483-2008 for MSDS?

In order to be in line with the international standard eqvISO110-14-1:1994(E), China has also formulated the relevant standard GB/T16483-2008 “Chemical Safety Data Sheet Content and Item Sequence”, which stipulates that msds must have 16 parts.


1 chemical product and company identification

Mainly indicate information such as chemical name, manufacturer name, address, zip code, telephone, emergency telephone, fax and e-mail address.


2 hazards summarizing

Briefly summarize the most important hazards and effects of this chemical, mainly including: hazard category, intrusion route, health hazard, environmental hazard, explosion hazard and other information.


3 composition/information on ingredients

Indicate whether the chemical is a pure chemical or a mixture. For pure chemicals, the chemical name or trade name and common name should be given. For mixtures, the concentration or concentration range of hazardous components should be given. Regardless of whether it is a pure chemical or a mixture, if it contains hazardous components, the Chemical Abstract Index registration number (CAS number) should be given.


4 first-aid measures

Refers to the brief treatment methods for on-site self-rescue or mutual rescue when an operator is accidentally injured, including first aid measures such as eye contact, skin contact, inhalation, and ingestion.


5 fire-fighting measures

Mainly indicate the specific physical and chemical hazards of chemicals, suitable extinguishing media, inappropriate extinguishing media and personal protection of firefighters, etc., including:

Hazard characteristics, fire extinguishing media and methods, precautions for fire extinguishing, etc.


6 accidental release measures

Refers to the simple and effective emergency measures, precautions and elimination methods that can be adopted on-site after chemical leakage, including emergency operations, emergency personnel protection, environmental protection measures, elimination methods, etc.


7 handling and storage

Mainly refers to the information and materials of chemical handling and safe storage, including safety precautions, safe storage conditions and precautions in handling operations.


8 exposure controls/personal protection

In the process of production, operation, handling, handling and use of chemicals, protection methods and measures adopted to protect workers from chemical hazards. Including maximum allowable concentration, engineering control, respiratory protection, eye protection, body protection, hand protection, and other protection requirements.


9 physical and chemical properties

Mainly describe the appearance and physical and chemical properties of chemicals, including: appearance and properties, ph value, boiling point, melting point, relative density (water=1), relative vapor density (air=1), saturated vapor pressure, heat of combustion , Critical temperature, critical pressure, octanol/water partition coefficient, flash point, ignition temperature, explosion limit, solubility, main purpose and other special physical and chemical properties.


10stability and reactivity

Mainly describe information on the stability and reactivity of chemicals, including: stability, incompatible materials, conditions to avoid contact, polymerization hazards, and decomposition products.


11 toxicological information

Provide chemical toxicology information, including: acute toxicity (LD50, LD50), irritation, sensitization, subacute and chronic toxicity, mutagenicity, teratogenicity, carcinogenicity, etc. of different exposure methods.


12 ecological information

Mainly state the environmental and ecological effects, behaviors and outcomes of chemicals, including: biological effects (such as LD50, LD50), biodegradability, bioconcentration, environmental migration and other harmful environmental impacts.


13 disposal

Refers to the safe disposal methods for packaging contaminated by chemicals and chemicals with no use value, including waste disposal methods and precautions.


14 transport information

Mainly refers to the classification and numbering of domestic and international chemical packaging and transportation requirements and transportation regulations, including: dangerous goods number, packaging category, packaging mark, packaging method, UN number and transportation precautions, etc.


15 regulatory information

Mainly the legal provisions and standards on chemical management.


16 other information

It mainly provides other information that is important to safety, including references, time to fill in the form, department to fill in the form, and data review unit.




Relevant regulation



  • GHS

Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals referred to as GHS, its content mainly includes two parts: one is to establish the harmonized criteria for classifying substances and mixtures according to substances and mixtures, that is, hazard classification, which includes physical hazards and health hazards of substances and mixtures And environmental hazards.

The second is to establish coordinated hazard information publicity, including labels and chemical data specifications (MSDS/SDS). The chemical data specification needs to include comprehensive safety information of the chemical substance or mixture, including chemical hazard information, information on the exposure route of the workplace, recommendations for safety precautions, and information to effectively identify and reduce use risks. Currently, the European Union, the United States, Japan, China and other countries have implemented GHS one after another.


European Union


REACH Regulation (1907/2006)

When the product meets one of the following conditions, the product supplier needs to edit the SDS and pass it down the supply chain to importers, downstream users and distributors:

  1. When substances or preparations are classified as dangerous goods according to the 67/548/EEC or 1999/45/EC directives, or, although preparations are not classified as dangerous goods, they contain a certain proportion of substances of high concern (SVHC *) or other hazardous components;


  1. According to the standards in Annex 13 of REACH Regulations, the substances are persistent, bioaccumulative, toxic substances (PBT) or highly persistent and highly bioaccumulative substances (vPvB);


  1. The substance is determined to be SVHC due to reasons other than the above conditions;
  • CLP regulations (EC NO. 1272/2008)


The CLP regulation, the Chinese name “European Union Chemical Classification, Labeling and Packaging Regulation”, came into effect on January 20, 2009. The regulations stipulate that after December 1, 2010, substances must be classified according to CLP, then the SDS of the product must include the classification and labeling of the CLP, and retain the classification information in 67/548/EEC Annex 1 (Part 2) .


  • 67/548/EEC Appendix III
  • Directive 2001/58/EC
  • Directive 67/548/EEC (ie DSD Directive) for the management of substance classification and labeling
  • The classification and labeling directive 1999/45/EEC of mixtures (ie DPD directive)




  • General rules for chemical classification and hazard publicity (GB-13690-2009)

Jointly issued by the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of the People’s Republic of China and the National Standardization Administration of China, it aims to correspond to the United Nations “Global Harmonized System for Classification and Labeling of Chemicals” and to make requirements for MSDS/SDS specifications.


  • Rules for the preparation of chemical safety technical specifications (GB 16483-2008)

This regulation was promulgated on January 1, 2000 and implemented on June 1, 2000. It aims to make the format and content of our chemical safety data sheets (MSDS/SDS) as consistent as possible with international standards and adapt to international trade, technology and The need for economic exchange.


  • Rules for the preparation of chemical safety labels (GB 15258-2009)

This standard is formulated for the description and compilation of safety labels required by the “Regulations on the Safe Use of Chemicals in Workplaces” and the International No. 170 Convention on the Safe Use of Chemicals in Workplaces.


The GB30000 series of standards are the latest series of standards for the classification of hazardous chemicals issued by China. They were issued by the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine and the National Standardization Administration on October 10, 2013, and formally implemented on November 1, 2014.


This series of standards replace the “Safety Standards for Chemical Classification, Warning Labels and Warning Statements” (GB 20576~20599, 20601, 20602), with a total of 28. The 28 hazard categories are comprehensively classified and explained in terms of physical hazards, health hazards, and environmental hazards. The specific standards are as follows:


Physical hazard classification standards:

GB 30000.2-2013 Chemical Classification and Labeling Specification Part 2: Explosives

GB 30000.3-2013 Chemical Classification and Labeling Specification Part 3: Flammable Gas

GB 30000.4-2013 Chemical Classification and Labeling Specification Part 4: Aerosol

GB 30000.5-2013 Chemical Classification and Labeling Specification Part 5: Oxidizing Gas

GB 30000.6-2013 Chemical Classification and Labeling Specification Part 6: Pressurized Gas

GB 30000.7-2013 Chemical Classification and Labeling Specification Part 7: Flammable Liquid

GB 30000.8-2013 Chemical Classification and Labeling Specification Part 8: Flammable Solids

GB 30000.9-2013 Chemical Classification and Labeling Specification Part 9: Self-reactive substances and mixtures

GB 30000.10-2013 Chemical Classification and Labeling Specification Part 10: Spontaneous Combustion Liquid

GB 30000.11-2013 Specification for Classification and Labeling of Chemicals Part 11: Spontaneous combustion solids

GB 30000.12-2013 Chemical Classification and Labeling Specification Part 12: Self-heating substances and mixtures

GB 30000.13-2013 Rules for Classification and Labeling of Chemicals Part 13: Substances and mixtures that emit flammable gases in contact with water

GB 30000.14-2013 Chemical Classification and Labeling Specification Part 14: Oxidizing Liquid

GB 30000.15-2013 Chemical Classification and Labeling Specification Part 15: Oxidizing Solids

GB 30000.16-2013 Chemical Classification and Labeling Specification Part 16: Organic Peroxide

GB 30000.17-2013 Specification for Classification and Labeling of Chemicals Part 17: Metal Corrosives


Health hazard classification standard

GB 30000.18-2013 Rules for Classification and Labeling of Chemicals Part 18: Acute Toxicity

GB 30000.19-2013 Chemical Classification and Labeling Specification Part 19: Skin Corrosion/Irritation

GB 30000.20-2013 Chemical Classification and Labeling Specification Part 20: Serious eye damage/eye irritation

GB 30000.21-2013 Chemical Classification and Labeling Specifications Part 21: Respiratory Tract or Skin Sensitization

GB 30000.22-2013 Rules for Classification and Labeling of Chemicals Part 22: Germ Cell Mutagenicity

GB 30000.23-2013 Chemical Classification and Labeling Specification Part 23: Carcinogenicity

GB 30000.24-2013 Rules for Classification and Labeling of Chemicals Part 24: Reproductive Toxicity

GB 30000.25-2013 Rules for Classification and Labeling of Chemicals Part 25: Specific Target Organ Toxicity Single Exposure

GB 30000.26-2013 Rules for Classification and Labeling of Chemicals Part 26: Specific Target Organ Toxicity Repeated Exposure

GB 30000.27-2013 Chemical Classification and Labeling Specifications Part 27: Inhalation Hazard

Environmental hazard classification standards

GB 30000.28-2013 Chemical Classification and Labeling Specification Part 28: Hazards to the aquatic environment

GB 30000.29-2013 Rules for Classification and Labeling of Chemicals Part 29: Hazards to the Ozone Layer



  • Dangerous goods classification and product name number (GB 6944-2012)


  • List of Dangerous Goods (GB 12268-2005)


  • Administrative Measures for the Registration of Hazardous Chemicals


  • Regulations on the Safety Management of Chemical Hazardous Materials (Implementation Rules)


  • Regulations on the safe use of chemicals in the workplace


  • Production Safety Law of the People’s Republic of China


  • The Air Pollution Prevention and Control Law of the People’s Republic of China


  • The Environmental Protection Law of the People’s Republic of China


  • Classification, classification and serial number of highly toxic substances (GB 57-92)


  • Name list of highly toxic substances (GB58-93) pictorial mark for packaging, storage and transportation (GB6944-86)


  • General rules for the storage of commonly used dangerous chemicals (GB 15603-1995)


  • Exposure limits for occupational hazardous factors in the workplace (GBZ2-2002)



United States:

  • ANSI Z400.1-2004

The Chinese name of hazardous industrial chemicals. The formulation of material safety data sheets. It is a regulation on the format and content of MSDS formulated by the American National Standards Institute.

  • Toxic Substances Control Act

English abbreviation, TSCA Act. Similar to the EU REACH regulation, it aims to supervise chemicals circulating in the US market. And make provisions for chemicals that need to provide MSDS.

  • Dangerous goods transportation law
  • The Clean Air Law Amendment
  • Federal Water Pollution Control Act
  • Federal Environmental Pollution Control Act
  • Toxic Substance Packaging and Hazard Prevention Law
  • Federal Pesticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act
  • Occupational Safety and Health Law




  • Japan Labor Safety and Health Law

The Labor Safety and Health Law of Japan is the only law that introduces GHS in Japan. In 2010, relevant regulations on MSDS and classification labels were added to regulate the compilation and content requirements of domestic MSDS.

  • Law against poison and drama

Provisions on the classification of substances in MSDS in Japan

  • Chemical Substance Discharge Management Promotion Law

The English abbreviation PRTR Law is a legal provision issued by Japan for the preparation and use of chemical MSDS. Provided MSDS and safety label requirements and basis for Japanese chemicals.

  • Fire protection law
  • Chemical Substance Review and Regulation Law
  • Air Pollution Prevention and Control Law
  • Water Pollution Prevention and Control Law