There are white customs clearance and gray customs clearance in the customs clearance policy for shipments from China to Russia.
So what is white customs clearance and what is gray customs clearance? Which is better, Russian gray customs clearance or white customs clearance?
Shipping from China to Russia: White customs clearance
Refers to the customs clearance method that enters Russia through normal customs inspection, and is protected by Russian law, a formal way of circulation of goods.
Shipping from China to Russia: Gray Customs Clearance
The consignor in China is responsible for the shipment to the Chinese customs and successfully passed the inspection. However, when the consignee received the goods at the Russian port, due to cumbersome inspections, some intermediate links were unified by the Russian “customs clearance company”. These freight forwarders are approved by the government, and their business is to perform customs clearance procedures and collect taxes.
Sino-Russian trade is a complicated issue. In order to profit from the inspection procedures through the “customs clearance company”, the customs clearance company unilaterally modifies the types and quantities of goods in the manifest. As a result, Chinese goods entering Russia do not have formal security inspection procedures and are exported. It is genuine, but imports have become illegal.
As a result, when inspecting in Russia, it became the target of arrest without any suspense. Therefore, it is not difficult to see that many companies have raised the issue of goods being detained and unclaimed. These are all damages to the rights and interests of exporters due to gray customs clearance.
Most of the goods exported from China to Russia are through gray customs clearance channels, which are much faster than normal customs clearance, and the cost is relatively cheaper. Gray customs clearance not only occurs in Russia, but it is also common in countries such as Pakistan.
This article is a very sparse article on Google about introducing shipments from China to Russia and two common customs clearance methods and regulations in Russian customs.
Shipping from China to Russia: White Customs Clearance
- Shipping from China to Russia: Rail Transport
Enter Russia (Mongolia, five Central Asian countries) through Manzhouli Port/Erenhot Port/Alashan Port/Suifenhe Port from all parts of China;
- Shipping from China to Russia: sea-rail combined transport
from various ports in China to Vostok or Vladivostok (Vladivostok) into eastern Russia and inland cities;
- Shipping from China to Russia: Shipping by sea
Enter the western region of Russia via St. Petersburg; or enter Ukraine, Moldova, Belarus, and southern Russia via the Ukrainian port;
- Shipping from China to Russia; air freight
Provide air charter services from all over the country-Beijing-Moscow, once a week, special price, safe and reliable, can do single clearing and double clearing, and send it to the door;
- Shipping from China to Russia: door-to-door delivery
The door-to-door service can arrange vehicles, trains, planes, and other means of transport to transport the goods according to the requirements of the guests, and help the guests deliver the goods to any designated location in Russia.
Shipping from China to Russia: Preparation for White Customs Clearance
Before the goods arrive at the port, the customs clearance agency will arrange the information of the goods declared and prepare the customs declaration form. The calculation of general customs clearance fee requires detailed information about the product, which includes:
－Technical parameters (especially building materials, engineering equipment, and other commodities)
－Packing situation (net weight, gross weight, packaging form, quantity, if it is a product such as plates, tiles, etc., generally the total square meters of the box)
With these, the customs clearance agency can determine the most suitable customs commodity code, get the most optimized customs clearance value, and calculate the lowest customs clearance fee. Unlike customs clearance in other countries, the customs clearance value of goods is determined by the Russian customs, rather than the value of the goods themselves. This is a special point of Russian customs clearance. If you import goods from China to Russia, you need to pay attention to.
After the information is prepared, declare to the Russian customs in the name of a Russian customs clearance company, or you can make a customs declaration with a legal company registered in Russia. All customs clearance procedures are handled in a regular manner.
Import customs clearance process
Russia’s “Customs Code” stipulates that customs procedures should be handled at the designated place of the Russian customs agency where the consignor (when exporting) or the consignee (when importing) or its branches are located. The processing time is the working hours of the customs agency as stipulated by the Russian State Customs Committee.
According to the request of relevant parties, customs procedures can be handled in other locations and non-customs working hours, but a double handling fee will be charged. The Russian State Customs Committee has the right to decide that certain types of goods and vehicles can only be processed in the designated customs agency. Certain commodities can only go through customs procedures after completing animal and plant quarantine, ecological and other inspections.
The necessary documents for customs procedures include
- Goods declaration form;
- Customs value declaration form;
- License (refers to commodities subject to license and quota management);
- Commodity inspection certificate (referring to commodities subject to commodity inspection);
- The relevant commodity licenses (referring to commodities subject to the supervision of relevant state agencies), the place of application is as follows:
- Animal and plant products-Animal and Plant Quarantine Bureau, Ministry of Agriculture;
- Electric ionizing radiation source products-National Epidemiological Supervision Committee;
- Non-military weapons and supporting explosives-Ministry of the Interior;
- Radio electronic equipment and high-frequency instruments-National Communications and Information Commission;
- Certificate of origin (referring to the country where the goods are produced in a preferential tariff);
- Documents for payment of duties and taxes prescribed by law;
- Import contract registration certificate;
- Other supplementary documents.
Customs procedures are divided into two parts: preliminary procedures and basic procedures. Preliminary procedures refer to the procedures that should be completed before the goods are stored in accordance with a certain customs system, aiming to prevent the entry of contraband goods and to verify the goods for customs purposes. Basic procedures refer to the procedures that should be handled by the customs, the declarer, and other personnel who have full authority over the goods and vehicles after the customs receives the declaration.
Imported goods and vehicles that should be supervised by the customs are usually transported to the customs where the consignee or its branch is located and go through customs formalities there. Persons with full powers over goods and vehicles should submit customs declarations within the time limit set by the Russian State Customs Committee, which shall not exceed 15 days after the goods are submitted to the customs (for alcoholic beverages and tobacco products, no more than 10 days).
If the customs confirm to accept the declaration form, it shall number the declaration form and indicate the date of acceptance. If there is any doubt about the submitted documents and information, the customs has the right to request supplementary documents and information in order to check whether the information contained in the customs declaration and the submitted documents are accurate. The person in charge of the customs must review the documents and make a decision on whether to release it within a time limit of no more than 10 days (in the case of perishable goods, no more than 3 days).
The above-mentioned time limit shall be calculated from the date of submission of the customs declaration. When importing excise taxable goods, the goods must be declared in advance, and a temporary declaration form must be submitted to the customs within 10-30 days before the expected transit of the goods and the customs duty deposit must be deposited in the customs account. The deposit rate is determined in accordance with the Order No. 420 of the Russian State Customs Committee of August 17, 1994.
The following circumstances may not deposit margin
The goods are transported by a customs carrier with a license from the National Customs Committee; the goods are transported in accordance with the 1975 International Cargo Convention.
Shipping from China to Russia: Frequently Asked Questions about Russian Customs Clearance
- Are the Russian white customs safe? Surely there will be no confiscated goods?
A: The basis of Russian white customs clearance is “truthful declaration”. If it can be guaranteed to “declare truthfully”, “pay taxes in accordance with the law”, “perfect commodity inspection and sanitary inspection” and have “complete trade chain” and “sales procedures”, it is completely legal, and there will be no goods seized or fined. Even if the Russian functional departments deliberately create difficulties, they can still be brought to the law, and there is legal protection.
- Is the tariff of Russian white customs clearance necessarily more expensive than the cost of gray customs clearance?
A: First of all, we need to know that the taxes and fees levied by the Russian customs include: customs duties on goods and the value-added tax collected by the customs on behalf of the goods. In the Russian customs law, goods of different varieties, materials, and values have their own corresponding parts. The corresponding tax rate.
With reference to relevant data, it can be seen that, with the exception of some high-value goods, most of the taxes and fees required by law for most goods are the same or lower than the current gray customs clearance fees in the market. It can be seen that using legal customs clearance methods and paying taxes and fees in accordance with the law will not necessarily increase operating costs.
- The Russian white customs clearance procedures are cumbersome, so does it take a long time?
A: The cumbersome procedures for Russian white customs clearance are relative to gray customs clearance. Moreover, the efficiency of customs at different customs clearance points in Russia is not the same. At the same time, the type of goods declared at one time also affects the speed of customs clearance. The speed of customs clearance for a single type of goods is faster. If there are more types of goods declared at one time, the inspection time will be longer and the customs clearance speed will be longer. In general, the current normal customs clearance time is roughly 2-7 days.
- White customs clearance is too slow, a lot of documents are required, the cost is too many and troublesome, and it takes a long time. Obviously, you can pass in three days, but you have to take ten and a half months.
A: Generally, the express delivery time of the air express line is 72 hours to deliver to the designated warehouse in Moscow. Airfreight is the fastest way. Regarding the issue of fees, it is true that Russia imposes higher tariffs on some products, but not all of them. Some products have low tariffs and some are even tax-free. High fees cannot be generalized. Compared with gray customs clearance, some products have advantages even in terms of price. Moreover, the Russian government severely cracks down on gray customs clearance, which is extremely risky.
As a businessman in Russia, it is the best choice to comply with laws and regulations when conditions permit. A shrewd businessman must settle this account.
Many people mistakenly believe that the logistics cost from China to Russia is equal to freight. This is wrong. In addition to freight, there are also necessary customs declaration fees such as customs duties and commodity inspections. In the overall cost structure, the proportion of freight is very small.
Of course, there are still people on the market receiving so-called gray customs clearance goods. They do not charge for LCL because they do not declare customs at all. This is of course very dangerous and it is very likely to be fined by customs. Even if the customs clearance is successful, You also cannot get the customs declaration documents, nor can you prove the legal origin of the goods. There are still many troubles in the Russian sales link, so it is not recommended to take risks.
Of course, the customers served by BW are mostly medium and large customers in Russia. They basically use container shipping from China to Russia. Use formal and legal customs declaration methods for customs clearance in Russia. BW has a very professional sea freight channel from China to Russia. It not only operates from Chinese ports to St. Petersburg and vladivostok， but also can operate from other Asian countries such as Thailand, Vietnam, Malaysia, Cambodia, Japan, South Korea, and the Philippines. Shipment from Russia.
BW and major airlines have a good agreement on air freight prices. If you ship from China to Russia, air freight logistics, BW is your best choice.
BW also handles all cargo by rail to Russia.