At the end of the 18th century, the idea of ​​a container first came from the United Kingdom. The early iterations of containers are different from modern containers. The container is a rectangular wooden box, which is mainly used to transport coal.

 

As we know today, the first modern multimodal container came out in the United States in 1955, when Malcom McLean and engineer Keith Tanlinger developed a module made of corrugated steel. The structure allows the use of cranes to move and stack them together.

 

On April 26, 1956, the Ideal X tanker, which was converted into a container ship, made its first voyage from Newark, New Jersey to Houston, Texas.

 

After the development of container containers, the lack of universal standards became a problem because various container sizes and systems were still in use for the next two years. Subsequently, clear dimensional requirements for each container type are agreed upon and enforced through ISO standards.

 

Therefore, shipping containers are often referred to as ISO containers. The containers all need a valid safety certification board regarding the safety of life at sea (also known as the CSC board, applicable to the Convention on Safe Containers) in compliance with the conditions of transportation.

 

Containers are currently the most economical means of transportation. Transportation by ships, trains, and trucks is the prosperity that global trade can develop today. Reading this blog will allow you to easily learn how to choose the most suitable type of shipping and railway container transportation for different goods.

 

Today, 5,000 freighters transport more than 14 million shipping containers to ports around the world.

 

This blog contains the following content, covering all aspects of shipping containers is a very authoritative guide:

1 What is a container?
2 What are the benefits of shipping containers?
3 Classification of shipping containers
4 What is the unit of calculation for shipping containers? How to count the number of shipping containers? What is TEU?
5 Dimension and size of a shipping container:
6 What are the delivery methods of shipping containers?
7 The transportation relationship of shipping containers:
8 Shipping container import and export business process:
9 Weight limit of shipping containers
10 How to identify a shipping container? What are the markings of shipping containers? What is the container number?
11 Q&A for Shipping containers

 

1 What is a shipping container?

 

A container is a group tool that can load packaged or unpackaged goods for transportation and is convenient for loading and unloading with mechanical equipment.

 

The biggest success of the container lies in the standardization of its products and the establishment of a complete set of transportation systems. It is possible to standardize a behemoth with a load of tens of tons, and gradually realize a global logistics system supporting ships, ports, routes, highways, transfer stations, bridges, tunnels, and multimodal transport on a global scale. Called one of the great miracles created by mankind in history.

 

2 What are the benefits of shipping containers?

 

(1) It can be used repeatedly for a long time and has sufficient strength.

(2) Transshipment on the way does not need to move the cargo in the container, it can be directly reloaded.

(3) Fast loading and unloading can be carried out.

(4) The filling and unloading of cargo is very convenient.

(5) The container can be loaded with a large volume and a large amount of cargo.

(6) The specifications can be stacked in the port and on the ship, saving a lot of space.

3 Classification of shipping containers

 

There are many types of shipping containers, and there are various classification methods:

 

1) Shipping containers are classified according to the type of cargo they contain

 

DRY CONTAINER, BULK CONTAINER, liquid cargo container, reefer container, and some special containers, such as automobile container, livestock container, animal skin container, etc.

 

Ordinary containers, suitable for all kinds of containers that do not require temperature adjustment, are generally called general-purpose containers. It is widely used in shipping, industry, agriculture, high-tech, mining, wood, chemical, hardware, retail, food industry, and other products when you import from overseas.

 

Bulk cargo containers are containers used to load various bulk cargoes such as powder and granular cargo.

 

A liquid cargo container is a container used to load liquid cargo.

 

A refrigerated container is a container with refrigerating equipment attached and material with low thermal conductivity laid on the inner wall for loading refrigerated, heat-preserving, and fresh-keeping goods. Refrigerated containers usually transport vegetables, meat, beverages, seafood, medicines, and other goods.

 

An automobile container is a kind of container specially designed to carry cars and can be divided into two layers for loading.

 

PEN CONTAINER is a container specially designed to carry live animals, with ventilation facilities, feeding, and manure removal devices.

 

The animal skin container is a container specially designed to transport raw hides and other goods with juice leakage properties. It has a double bottom and can store the leaked liquid.

 

2) Shipping containers are classified by manufacturing materials

 

Manufacturing materials refer to the materials of the main components of the container (side walls, end walls, tops, etc.), which can be divided into three types:

 

There are steel containers, aluminum alloy containers, glass fiber reinforced plastic containers, in addition to wooden containers, stainless steel containers, and so on. Among them: steel containers, made of steel, have the advantages of high strength, firm structure, high weldability, good water tightness, and low price; the disadvantages are large weight and poor corrosion resistance;

 

Aluminum alloy container, made of aluminum alloy material, has the advantages of lightweight, beautiful appearance, corrosion resistance, good elasticity, convenient processing, low processing and repair costs, and long service life; the disadvantage is high cost and poor welding performance;

 

The FRP container is made of FRP materials. The advantages are high strength, good rigidity, large content, good heat insulation, anti-corrosion, chemical resistance, easy cleaning, and simple repair; the disadvantage is that it is heavy, easy to age, and the strength of the bolt is reduced.

 

3) Shipping containers are classified by structure

 

It can be divided into three categories: fixed containers, folding containers, and thin-shell containers.

 

Fixed containers can also be divided into closed containers, OPEN TOP CONTAINER, slab containers, etc.; Folding containers refer to the main components of the container (side walls, end walls and top of the box) that can be easily folded or disassembled, and can be used again. It is convenient to reassemble; the thin shell container is composed of all parts into a steel body. Its advantage is that it is light in weight and can adapt to the generated torsion without causing permanent deformation.

 

4) Shipping container charges are divided according to the total weight

 

There are 30 tons of containers, 20 tons of containers, 10 tons of containers, 5 tons of containers, 2.5 tons of containers, etc.

 

5) Shipping containers are classified according to specifications and sizes

 

The dry containers commonly used internationally are: the outer size is 20 feet * 8 feet * 8 feet 6 inches, referred to as 20 feet container; the outer size is 40 feet * 8 feet * 8 feet 6 inches, referred to as 40 feet container; the outer size is 40 feet * 8 feet * 9 feet 6 inches, referred to as 40 feet tall cabinet.

 

6) Shipping containers are classified by purpose

 

REEFER CONTAINER, abbreviated RF container, DRESS HANGER CONTAINER, OPEN TOP CONTAINER abbreviated OT container, FLAT RACK CONTAINER abbreviated FR container, TANK CONTAINER abbreviated TK container, PLATFORM CONTAINER, VENTILATED CONTAINER, INSULATED CONTAINER.

 

The open-top container is used to load heavy goods such as glass plates, steel products, machinery, etc., which can be loaded and unloaded from the top by a crane. The top of the open-top container can be opened or has no fixed surface.

The framed container is a container composed of the bottom surface of the box and the surrounding metal frame, which is suitable for large, overweight, and light-bubble cargo.

A tank container is a container composed of a bottom surface of the box, a tank body, and a surrounding frame, and is suitable for liquid cargo.

 

The platform container is a container specially designed to carry over-gauge cargo. It has a strong chassis. When large cargo is loaded, several platform containers can be used at the same time.

 

4 What is the unit of calculation for shipping containers? How to count the number of shipping containers? What is TEU?

 

The shipping container calculation unit, abbreviated as TEU, is the abbreviation of Twenty Equivalent Unit, also known as the 20-foot conversion unit, which is the conversion unit for calculating the number of containers. Also called International Standard Box Unit. It is usually used to indicate the capacity of a ship to load sea containers, and it is also an important statistical and conversion unit for container and port throughput.

 

Most shipping containers in various countries use two types of 20-foot and 40-foot containers. In order to make the calculation of the number of containers uniform, the 20-foot container is used as one calculation unit and the 40-foot container is used as two calculation units to facilitate the unified calculation of the container’s operating volume.

 

5 Dimension and size of a shipping container:

 

 Container        TYPE  

CAPACITY

 

INSIDE LENGTH

 

INSIDE WIDTH

 

INSIDE HEIGHT

 

DOOR WIDTH

 

DOOR HEIGHT

 

MAX LOAD WEIGHT

 

WEIGHT

20ft STANDARD CONTAINER 33 CBM 5.895 m 2.350 m 2.392 m 2.340 m 2.292 m 28230 Kgs 2230 Kgs
40ft STANDARD CONTAINER 67 CBM 12.029 m 2.350 m 2.392 m 2.340 m 2.292 m 26700 Kgs 3780 Kgs
40ft HIGH-CUBE CONTAINER 76 CBM 12.024 m 2.350 m 2.697 m 2.340 m 2.597 m 26460 Kgs 4020 Kgs
20ft OPEN TOP CONTAINER 32 CBM 5.888 m 2.345 m 2.315 m 2.286 m 2.184 m 30480 Kgs 2250 Kgs
40ft OPEN TOP CONTAINER 65 CBM 12.029 m 2.342 m 2.326 m 2.342 m 2.274 m 26670 Kgs 3810 Kgs
20ft REFRIGERATED CONTAINER 26 CBM 5.724 m 2.286 m 2.014 m 2.286 m 2.067 m 21450 Kgs 2550 Kgs
40ft REFRIGERATED CONTAINER 60 CBM 11.840 m 2.286 m 2.120 m 2.286 m 2.195 m 26630 Kgs 3850 Kgs
20ft FLATRACK CONTAINER Open 5.698 m 2.230 m 2.255 m No Door No Door 21500 Kgs 2500 Kgs
40ft FLATRACK CONTAINER Open 11.832 m 2.228 m 1.982 m No Door No Door 40800 Kgs 4200 Kgs
20ft PLATFORM CONTAINER Open 6.058 m 2.438 m 0.370 m No Door No Door 27960 Kgs 2520 Kgs
40ft PLATFORM CONTAINER Open 12.192 m 2.245 m 0.648 m No Door No Door 39300 Kgs 5700 Kgs
20ft TANK CONTAINER NA 6.058 m 2.438 m 2.438 m No Door No Door 26290 Kgs 4190 Kgs

 

 

6 What are the delivery methods of shipping containers?

 

The shipping container handover method is as follows:

 

In container transportation, there are several ways to transfer FCL and LCL between the ship and the cargo:

 

Door-to-door container transportation:

The shipper is responsible for the loading of the container, after its warehouse or plant is handed over to the carrier for acceptance, it is responsible for the entire transportation until the consignee’s warehouse or factory warehouse delivers the container. This kind of whole-process connection transportation is called “door-to-door” transportation;

 

Door to cy container transportation: from the shipper’s warehouse or factory warehouse to the destination or unloading port container yard;

 

Door to cfs container transportation: from the shipper’s warehouse or factory warehouse to the destination or the container freight station at the unloading port;

 

Cy to door container transportation: from the container loading and unloading area yard at the place of departure or packing port to the consignee’s warehouse or factory warehouse;

 

Cy to cy container transportation: from the container loading and unloading area yard at the place of departure or loading port to the destination or the container loading and unloading area yard at the unloading port;

 

Cy to cfs container transportation: from the container loading and unloading area of ​​the place of departure or loading port to the destination or the container freight station of the unloading port;

 

Cfs to door container transportation: from the container freight station at the place of departure or packing port to the consignee’s warehouse or factory warehouse;

 

Cfs to cy container transportation: from the container freight station at the place of departure or packing port to the container handling area at the destination or unloading port;

 

Cfs to cfs container transportation: from the container freight station at the place of departure or loading port to the container freight station at the destination or unloading port.

 

7 The transportation relationship of shipping containers:

 

The main parties involved in maritime container transportation are non-vessel carriers, actual container carriers, container leasing companies, container yards, and container freight stations.

 

NON-VESSEL OPERATING COMMON CARRIER: NVOCC:

They specialize in collecting cargo, packing, unpacking, inland transportation, and operating transfer stations or inland stations. They may or may not have actual transportation tools. For the real cargo owner, he is the carrier, and for the actual carrier, he is the shipper. Generally, the NVOCC should be subject to the laws of the country where it is located and be registered with the relevant government department.

 

ACTUAL CARRIER:

The carrier masters the means of transportation and participates in container transportation. Usually have a large number of containers to facilitate the turnover, allocation, management of containers, and the connection of containers with vehicles, ships, and machines. Usually, it is a shipping company that provides shipping services.

 

CONTAINER LEASING COMPANY:

specializes in the rental business of new containers and second-hand containers.

 

CONTAINER YARD CY:

Refers to the place for handling heavy or empty shipping containers, transshipment, storage, and handover.

 

CONTAINER FREIGHT STATION CFS:

It is a place for handling LCL cargo by sea. It handles the handover of LCL cargo. After stowage, the container is sent to CY, and the imported container delivered by CY is accepted for unpacking and tallying.  Custody, and finally allocated to each consignee. At the same time, lead sealing and issuance of station receipts can also be carried out as entrusted by the carrier.

 

8 Shipping container import and export business process:

 

The following content includes the export and import operation process of shipping containers. In this process, freight forwarders, shipping companies, container yards, container freight stations, warehouses, etc. work together to complete the export and import business of shipping containers.

 

The export process of shipping containers:

 

1)The export booking agent can be the seller’s entrusted freight forwarder (CIF TERM, or the buyer’s entrusted freight forwarder (FOB TERM) to carry out the export booking entrustment of shipping containers.

 

Of course, it is also possible that the export principal can directly book with the shipping company. They are usually larger shippers or consignees who have signed their own BCO contract prices with the shipping company.

 

Regardless of whether it is FOB or CIF, as the shipper, the following documents need to be sent to the booking freight forwarder at the port of shipment:

Booking form

business license

export permit

Export declaration

Invoice and packing list for an export declaration

 

2) After the freight forwarder receives the booking documents provided by the supplier, it will book the container with the shipping company. The shipping company issues the S/O, which is the container packing list, and then the freight forwarder sends the S/O to the consignor to arrange the pick-up of the empty container from the container base on the container yard location.

 

3) If it is LCL goods after the factory completes the packaging of the LCL goods, the factory will send the goods to the CFS warehouse. After completing the cargo handover, the LCL shipping company will complete the loading of the entire container, and transport heavy containers from the CFS warehouse into the container terminal.

 

If it is FCL cargo after the factory completes the FCL cargo packaging, the factory will send the cargo to the warehouse for loading or loading the cargo from the factory, and then transport the heavy container into the container terminal.

 

4) After the customs declaration is completed, the shipping company issues a bill of lading

 

5) Waiting for sailing according to the sailing schedule

 


 

The import process of sea containers:

 

1)For ocean container import operations, the importer needs to have an import license and prepare the following import customs clearance documents:

Bill of lading

Import customs clearance invoice and packing list

Certificate of the origin or other quarantine certificates

 

2) Before the shipping container arrives at the destination port, the shipping company’s destination port agent will send the arrival notice to the M B/L consignee:

If it is FCL, it is usually a buyer or a freight forwarder at the port of destination

If it is LCL, it is usually the agent for LCL service at the port of destination

 

It is very necessary to notify the container cargo to arrive at the port in advance and to give the consignee sufficient time to prepare for customs clearance, so as to avoid the extra charges in terminals and the expenses of DET and DEM.

 

3 The consignee completes the import customs clearance procedures and according to the instructions of the arrival notice:

FCL cargo needs to go to the container yard to pick up the container.

LCL cargo needs to go to the CFS warehouse to pick up the goods

 

4 After the FCL cargo is unloaded, if it is a COC container, the importer needs to return the empty container to the designated container yard. If it is a SOC container, then the importer does not need to return the container to the shipping company’s designated container yard.

 

9 Weight limit of shipping containers

 

Regarding the weight limit of shipping containers, the first is the weight limit of the container itself. Each container will be clearly marked on its box body: MAX WEIGHT XXXXKGS, TARE WEIGHT: ZZZZ KGS, the former minus the latter, is the largest of the container Loading weight, some container doors will directly indicate the weight limit of this container with PAYLOAD: SSSSKGS.

 

This is the maximum strength that the shipping container box can withstand. If the load exceeds this limit, the box may be deformed, the bottom plate will fall off, and the top beam may be bent. All losses arising therefrom will be borne by the shipper.

 

The old ordinary dry cargo containers are divided into two types: 20’GP and 40’GP.

 

20’GP generally has a weight limit of 21.5 TONS, which is suitable for heavy cargo, and 40’GP generally has a weight limit of 26 TONS, which is suitable for light cargo. However, with the popularization of container shipping, more and more goods are not suitable for container transportation, and container ships have begun to be transported. This requires higher and higher container structures.

 

Soon after, shipping companies developed the 40HQ specially designed to transport textiles, electronic products, and other light foam cargoes to Europe, with a general weight limit of 25.5TONS; as more cargo types, such as ore, grain, and chemicals, are added to the ranks of container transportation, The shipping company has developed a 20’GP reinforced box with a weight limit of 27.5TONS; a 40’GP reinforced box with a weight limit of 28TONS, and even some shipping companies have specially developed 45′ and 48′ special boxes for some specific countries.

 

Secondly, container transportation is a collaborative operation process involving multiple departments, so in addition to the weight limit of the container itself, there are some other factors that need to be considered, which are listed below:

 

  1. The mechanical equipment load of the wharf and storage yard. After a container ship arrives at the dock, it generally needs a crane at the dock to carry out loading and unloading operations, and then it is towed by a truck to the container yard and then lifted down by a forklift. If the weight of the container exceeds the mechanical load, it will cause difficulties for the operation of the terminal and the yard. Therefore, for some remote ports with backward equipment, the shipping company will generally inform the port of the weight limit in advance, and those exceeding this limit will not be accepted.

 

  1. The supporting road transportation has a weight limit. This, I believe that importers who ship to the inland points of the United States have a deep understanding. The road transportation limit in the United States is very strict. Because many containers need to be trucked to the inland by truck after unloading at the terminal, the road limit is Weight has also become the reason for shipping companies to limit the weight of containers. Of course, delivery to the terminal is not considered. In addition to the United States, South Korea has also had a road weight limit since 2008.

 

  1. Shipping company’s cargo space/weight balance. Each container ship has certain space and weight restrictions, but on a specific route, space and weight are not always just balanced. Contradictions often occur in export areas where heavy cargoes are concentrated. The weight of the ship has reached and there is still a lot of space for containers. In order to make up for this loss of container cargo space, shipping companies often adopt a price increase strategy, that is, when the weight of the cargo exceeds the number of tons, additional charges will be added in container ocean freight.

 

There are also shipping companies that do not use their own ships, but by the space of other shipping companies for transportation, and the weight restrictions will be more stringent because the trading of space between shipping companies is calculated according to the standard of 1TEU=14TONS or 16TONS. Those who exceed the weight will not be boarded.

 

10 How to identify a shipping container? What are the markings of shipping containers? What is the container number?

 

The coding, identification, and marking standard for containers is DIN EN ISO 6346, dated January 1996.

 

The following are the different marks provided in the ISO container.

 

The container mark is the main identification mark on the door end of ISO containers. It consists of seven numbers and four letters and is assigned by ISO to identify each container to its owner. This number is unique to everyone and has been registered with the Paris International Container Transport Agency (BIC).

 

Assuming the container number is BEST 123456 7:

 

The first 3 letters here, which means BES-Code for the Owner of the container

The 4th letter T regulation-container category

 

The first six digits, namely 123456 is the serial number of the container

 

The last number, 7 is a check digit, used to verify that the owner or product group code and registration number have been accurately transmitted.

 

The owner’s mark of the container:

The logo/name of the shipping company or container supplier is provided on the end door.

 

ISO code of the container:

The ISO container code is printed below the container identification number and provides detailed information about the container type, namely GP (general purpose), DV (dry cargo), etc., and also indicates the size of the container.

 

For example, if the ISO code under the container identification number is 45 G0, the first number, “4”, represents the code length (40 feet), and the second number, “5”, is the width code. The last two alphanumeric characters show the type and subtype of the ISO container.

 

Container weight and payload:

All details of container weight and cargo weight are also marked on the end door.

 

Shipping container weight: the actual weight of the empty container provided by the manufacturer after the manufacturing process.

 

Payload:

This is the maximum cargo weight that an approved ISO container can carry

 

Gross weight:

The total weight of the container and cargo within the safety limit

 

Approved classification society label:

Before the container is used by shipping companies for cargo transit; it has been tested by approved classification societies for seaworthiness and compliance with ISO standards. A grade label is also affixed to the end door of the container.

 

The volume of the container:

The cubic capacity or volume of the container is marked on the end door.

 

Warning and operation signs of the container:

The container may carry various warning labels and signs, depending on its type and the cargo loaded. For example, a raised container will contain height or warning stripes on the top of the container. Similarly, containers containing dangerous goods will carry warning signs about dangerous types or goods related to them.

 

Container certification:

Different certificates occupied by the container need to be displayed on the board, for example:

 

CSC nameplate: The nameplate of the Container Safety Convention shows that the ISO container has been inspected and tested by the approved agency. It also contains details of the owner and other technical specifications.

 

ACEP: It represents an approved continuous inspection procedure and is provided in a container. This is a safety plan for transporting containers, in which every 30 months, the containers under it must undergo an extensive inspection at the container yard. The container owner will update the ACEP every 10 years.

 

 

11 Q&A for Shipping containers

 

1 How to choose a shipping container?

 

Choosing the container suitable for your export and import goods is the best shipping container transportation. Different people have different container shipping needs.

 

2 What are the international standards for containers?

 

Container standardization has gone through a development process. Since its establishment in 1961, the ISO/TC104 Technical Committee of the International Organization for Standardization has made many additions, additions, deletions, and modifications to the international container standards.

 

The current international standards are the first series of 13 types, all of which have the same width (2438mm) and length. There are four types (12192mm, 9125mm, 6058mm, 2991mm), and three heights (2896mm, 2591mm, 2438mm).

 

3 The processing sequence of the shipping container?

 

Uncoiling-Pretreatment-Machining-Welding-Paint-Beauty

 

International Organization for Standardization, ISO 104th Technical Committee stipulates that containers should meet the following conditions:

 

(1) It can be used repeatedly for a long time and has sufficient strength.

(2) Transshipment on the way does not need to move the goods in the box, it can be directly reloaded.

(3) Fast loading and unloading can be carried out, and it can be directly and conveniently changed from one type of transport to another.

(4) It is convenient to fill and unload the goods.

(5) It has a volume of 1 cubic meter (35.32 cubic feet) or more. Only a large container that meets the above 5 conditions can be called a container.

 

4 What are the requirements for the export and import quarantine of shipping containers?

Declaration items for shipping container quarantine:

 

  1. The scheduled date of arrival or departure at the port;
  2. Place and destination of unloading;
  3. The type, quantity and packaging materials of the goods in the container;
  4. The container is loaded from a country or port.

 

The quarantine inspection sequence of shipping containers:

 

Epidemiological Investigation

  1. Understand whether the container is from an epidemic area or whether it has been unpacked and unloaded after passing through an epidemic area;
  2. Understand the type and quantity of cargo in the container, and whether there is corruption or deterioration.

 

On-site quarantine of shipping containers

 

Empty container: Check the box for quarantine, and then decide whether to let it go or not.

 

Heavy container: all preventive insecticide and rodent extermination. Then open the box for inspection, and decide on other sanitation treatment or release based on the condition of the goods.

 

Sanitary treatment of shipping containers:

 

Feature:

Containers carrying vector insects and medical animals;

Containers containing corrupted goods and food;

Containers containing waste items and items that are obstructive to public health;

Containers from quarantine infectious disease areas;

Containers contaminated by infectious diseases or suspected of being contaminated.

 

Method: Derivatization or deworming, disinfection

 

5 What are the export declaration procedures for shipping containers?

 

The basic procedures of customs clearance: declaration, inspection, taxation, release

 

6 How is the profit of the container industry?

 

In December 2021, the international shipping research and consulting agency stated that the profit of the industry is expected to reach 150 billion U.S. dollars (about 956.4 billion RMB) in 2021, setting a new historical record. The container shipping market in 2021 and 2022 All pre-tax profits will exceed 300 billion U.S. dollars. According to statistics, the profit of the container shipping industry in 2020 is only US$25.4 billion.

 

7 COC container VS SOC container?

 

Check below:

SOC container definition, advantages, ocean freight, operation process, lease, SOC container VS COC container, Q&A 2021

 

8 Which are the largest container manufacturing companies in the world?

 

The world’s largest container manufacturing companies (groups) are CIMC, Xinhuachang, and Singamas Containers, and their main production bases are in mainland China. The total container output of the three companies accounts for more than 80% of the world’s total. Among them, CIMC’s output accounts for half of the world’s.

 

9 What are the conventions for shipping containers?

 

Due to the standardization of loading, unloading and transportation, the container does not need to be reloaded during transportation, and it is suitable for a variety of transportation methods. Container transportation provides a convenient and fast door-to-door service, with efficient loading and unloading, transportation, and customs clearance (anti-smuggling/anti-terrorism), which has become an important global transportation method.

 

In addition, the containers in operation need to carry out intermediate inspections and regular inspections. It is precise because of the particularity of containers that it is necessary for the government of a contracting party to authorize an organization to conduct inspection and certification of the design, manufacture, inspection, and use of containers, and it is an international practice to authorize relevant classification societies to inspect containers.

 

In China, the Regulations of the People’s Republic of China on the Inspection of Ships and Offshore Facilities in 1993 stipulated: China Classification Society undertakes classification inspection, certification inspection, and notarization inspection services for domestic and foreign ships, offshore facilities, and containers.

 

The authorization of container inspection involves the relevant requirements of the United Nations (UN); the SOLAS Convention and IMDG of the International Maritime Organization (IMO); the MAPOL Convention of the United Nations Marine Environmental Protection Committee (MEPC); the CSC, CCC, IPO, MSA, and UIC of the International Union of Railways, etc. The most important ones are CSC Convention, CCC Convention, UIC, UN Requirements, IMDG, etc.

 

10 What is a container leasing company?

 

A business in which the owner leases an empty container to the user. The owner of the container is the leased party of the container, and the user, generally the shipping company or the owner of the container, is the leased party, and both parties sign a lease contract.

 

Qualified containers provided by the lessor are handed over to the lessee for use within the agreed scope. There are many different methods of container leasing in the world, which can be summarized as voyage charter, time charter, current charter, and zone lease.

 

11 The history of the container

 

Containers have been used in modern container transportation for more than 50 years. From the first voyage, usage has grown steadily, and mobile containers have been accepted. In just five years, container ships will transport more than 55% of the seaborne cargo.

 

Although packing and moving items in boxes or containers is nothing new, it was not until Malcolm P. McLean and Keith Tantlinger developed modern intermodal containers that they realized that having a container that can be lifted would be simpler and faster. Transfer directly to the ship without first unloading. Containers can move smoothly between trucks, trains, and ships, making the entire logistics process more efficient.

 

12 How many containers can a large container ship transport in a year?

 

A large container ship can transport more than 250,000 ocean containers a year, and it can transport 7,000-10,000 ocean containers during a voyage, which is equivalent to the number of cargo carried by hundreds of aircraft.

13 How does the expansion of the Panama Canal change the transportation of goods?

 

With the completion of the Panama Canal expansion project, ships capable of holding more than 13,000 TEUs can now pass. This is almost three times the previous capacity!

 

After the expansion is completed, it is expected that the number of TEUs processed each year will increase by approximately 6%, with most of the increase occurring on the east coast.

 

The increase in ship size will greatly reduce the transportation time and cost from Asia to the East Coast, and this increase will require more equipment to handle the increased volume. It will also improve the business of railways and other supporting industries such as depots.

 

14 What other ways do people use containers?

 

In addition to housing, retail buildings, and swimming pools, people also use containers as indoor gardens, saunas, portable toilets, fire training facilities, schools, and emergency hospitals.

 

15 What are the factors that affect the price of container ocean freight?

 

Check below:

12 Internal And External Factors Affecting Ocean Freight Rate When Shipping From China.

 

16 Which pallet is the most common shipping container?

Generally speaking, fumigated wooden pallets and standard plastic pallets are the most common standard pallets in container transportation today.