After more than nine months of difficult negotiate, on December 24, at local time, Britain and the European Union formally reached a Brexit trade agreement. The agreement is 1,246 pages long. It can be seen how fierce the see-saw is. Then what impact will Brexit have on importing and shipping from China and overseas to the UK?


A series of problems caused by Brexit is gradually fermenting. Many goods imported from China and other countries are in a “stalemate”. In this regard, the UK Revenue Agency has introduced a temporary and relatively loose customs security declaration measure to help companies clear customs as soon as possible.


Relaxed temporary customs declaration measures:


Recently, the UK Revenue Agency has introduced a temporary, more relaxed customs security declaration measure to help companies fulfill their customs obligations as soon as possible and allow goods to flow between Ireland and the UK.


The tax bureau has recently realized that some companies have encountered difficulties in providing safety guarantees for the transportation of ro-ro cargo and brief entry declarations. Some trucks have also been refused entry in Holyhead. The tax bureau said it will actively cooperate with trade and commerce to help companies overcome challenges.


In order to speed up the customs declaration of enterprises, the UK Revenue Agency stated that if the enterprise cannot generate ENS due to lack of key information or other factors, it can temporarily use a new migration reference number (MRN). This will help complete the company’s customs procedures, create and add a pre-boarding notice (PBN), and finally board the ship for transportation.


Lynda Slattery, chief officer of the Tax and Customs Department, urged companies to cooperate with tax authorities to ensure that they can ship goods to Ireland through British ports.


But Slattery added that companies cannot rely solely on the temporary measures introduced this week. Since the temporary relaxation is only a “safety and security declaration”, import, export, and transit declaration procedures are still necessary, and companies still need to prepare complete customs procedures.


 New measures may greatly ease freight pressure


As Brexit has brought a lot of customs paperwork and increased transportation costs, companies must complete all the formalities to successfully pass the UK border under the new tariff rules. It is reported that for Irish companies, this means that the number of import and export declarations has increased by 12 times.


The Tax Office stated that if companies and related cross-border traders prepare in advance as required, they will ship their goods to or out of the UK with minimal delay. But it is obvious that many people are not prepared or seriously underestimated the changes and impact brought about by Brexit.


Slattery said in an interview that the UK Revenue Agency temporarily relaxed the customs procedures for goods shipped to Ireland through British ports, which greatly eased the pressure on freight. Data shows that the tax bureau has processed thousands of declarations in the past week.


Paul Kelly, the head of the Irish Food and Beverage Department, also said that the temporary tax measures “seem to be working.”


But Eugene Drennan, chairman of the Irish Road Transport Association, said that the new post-Brexit measures used by the tax department “have disappointed drivers.” Due to the incompatibility between the Irish and British systems, the temporary relaxation of border controls through taxes seems to have no effect. It is like a “plaster.”

British border control of goods


The United Kingdom will implement border control from January 1, 2021. By then, all goods to and from the EU-UK border will be affected. The British government summarizes the changes in the following four areas:


Customs declaration (import and export): Starting from January 1, importers and exporters need to declare to the customs of both the EU and the UK at the same time. Some border crossings need to declare in advance before the arrival of the goods, which may affect roll-on and roll-off transportation.


Tariff (import): From January 1, importers need to ensure that they pay import tariffs in accordance with the UK’s international tariff regulations. Tariffs are determined based on the origin, type and value of the goods. For importers who have delayed customs declaration, tariffs can be postponed until the time of making up the declaration.


VAT (import): From January 1st, the UK will levy value-added tax on goods from the European Union. The value-added tax rate and tax structure are consistent with those applicable to countries outside the European Union.


Security declaration (import and export): In order to maintain cargo safety standards, the British government will require more detailed information about the goods entering the UK from the EU: the source of the goods, the frequency of import and export, the type of goods and the reason. The export security declaration starts on January 1, while the import starts on July 1.


Shipping company issues notice of customs declaration precautions


After Brexit, it means that it will abide by the EU Customs 24-hour (EU24HR) advance manifest system like any other non-EU country. The EU24HR rules require shipping companies to make an Entry Summary Declaration (ENS) to the relevant customs for all cargo loaded on ships calling at one or more EU ports.


That is to say, before the ship arrives at the port of departure, all goods transported to and through EU countries, or transited through EU countries, must submit complete and accurate ENS information before the ship calls at the customs of the first EU country.



According to this, the shipping company ONE recently issued an announcement regarding the safety declaration precautions related to Brexit: All goods imported and exported to the UK and transited through the UK must be sent by ENS. For goods boarding in the UK, ENS must be sent 48 hours before the ship approaches. In addition, the British Customs has established a safety and security (S&S) platform for receiving ENS information.


From January 1, 2021, the British Customs will continue to require ENS declarations for all goods from outside the EU that are unloaded and transshipped at British ports. -From July 1, 2021, from within the EU to the United Kingdom (Northern Ireland) Except) goods need to enforce the ENS declaration. For Northern Ireland, it will still be part of the European Union’s security zone. Therefore, the standard EU-ENS rules still apply to Northern Ireland. The ENS declaration applies to cargo transportation between Southampton and Belfast, while the UK-ENS applies to transportation between Northern Ireland and British ports.


For UK-ENS information, the same applies to EU-ENS’s 24-hour rule (declaration of loaded goods 24 hours before shipment), and the deadline is 48 hours before the ship’s departure. For UK-ENS, if the consignee and the notifying party do not have an EORI number, complete address details must be provided when unloading in the UK, and therefore must be included in the shipping manifest description.



OOCL hereby informs that the transition period of Brexit (BREXIT) will end at 23:00 GMT on December 31, 2020, after which customs procedures will be re-established between the UK and the EU. All cargo transactions must complete customs declaration procedures. For goods shipped to the United Kingdom (including England, Scotland, and Wales), new safety and security declaration (S&S) requirements will be implemented and sent to the platform named S&S GB. The S&S declaration document will cover all imports, transit, and unloading cargo (FROB) on board.


According to the “Northern Ireland Protocol” of the exit agreement between the United Kingdom and the European Union, Northern Ireland will remain in the European Union’s single market and customs union and continue to be subject to EU customs rules.


According to the provisions of the “Northern Ireland Protocol” reached by the United Kingdom and the European Union, with special consideration to the protection of the soft border between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland, Northern Ireland will remain in the EU’s single market and customs union and will remain part of the EU customs.


In order to comply with this regulation, you need to provide complete and accurate shipping instructions (SI) before the deadline for shipping instructions. This information will be published in our booking confirmation (BA).



Bestforworld provides the following logistics services when shipping from and to the UK:


1 Ship from China and other Asian countries to the UK


2 Sea freight, air freight, general cargo, dangerous goods, from China to the UK


3 Logistics services shipped from the UK to other countries, when you importing from the UK


4 Door-to-door logistics services when you shipping from the UK, Shipping your goods from any port in the UK to the world.


5 Project cargo, roro, OOG, special containers are shipped from China or other countries to the UK